Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE)
Another strategy for addressing social inequity is the Broad Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE), which was adopted as a framework in 2003. The aim is to encourage South Africans who were previously disadvantaged to be more involved in the formal economy. Skills development, direct empowerment (equity and management control) and social investment are critical areas on the scorecard.
This strategy is in response to a recent report that indicates that while economic growth has risen significantly in South Africa, societal inequality continues to broaden, with serious consequences for stability and security. Economic growth is not achieving the anticipated transformation, and is causing internal migration, increased poverty and marginalisation and social inequality.
Education forms part of this social inequality, with schools becoming places where these social problems are tangible and sending alarming signals to the broader community.
Education was previously a symbol of Apartheid as it represented the visible inequity based on racial discrimination and schools were often the rallying point for the struggle against Apartheid. The system is still suffering from this image and schools are still considered to be places where discontent can be shown with aggressive behaviour.
According to the OECD report, the concept of economic and social cohesion as a strategy for alleviating social inequality is not adequately integrated into the national strategic policies of AsgiSA, JIPSA and BBBEE or the provincial government priority action plans. The links between education and training, resulting in economic development have not been sufficiently developed and the dialogue between the working world and education is not adequately addressed in the provincial plans.